A research perspective of the ACELG Research Programme 2014-2018.
In addition to the focus on the role of specific institutions and actors in
the European constitutional order, cross-cutting research in particular policy
sectors, such as for example European health policy, environmental policy,
monetary policy, competition law, citizenship, trade, and security maps the
dynamics between institutions and actors and how these shape in the long run the
European constitutional order. This type of research encompasses both the
political and economic constitutional order and is a specific example of how
ACELG seeks to establish synergies between the research of the different
European constitutional orders, so it becomes possible to understand the
institutional dynamics and the living European constitutional order as a whole.
EU legislative, executive, and regulatory powers are incrementally changing
formally and informally, and expanding into a growing number of domains. We see
this quite clearly in the measures of economic governance adopted after the
financial crisis which has produced a complex mix of supranational and more
intergovernmental methods of governance. But it also applies even in a field
supposedly on the fringes of EU governance and with a profoundly
intergovernmental rhetoric - EU common foreign and security policy (CFSP).
Experts more and more point to the fact that autonomous EU (political and
administrative) actors are being created and empowered, so that a simple
intergovernmental analysis no longer captures a more complex reality. In many
cases a plurality of actors interacts in a plurality of different contexts and
fora, including on the international plane. The latter raises the additional
question of how the EU’s increased role as an international actor influences
shifts in authority and powers within the European legal order.