Co-Creating European Union Citizenship
Institutional Process and Crescive Norms
Dora Kostakopoulou puts forward that European Citizenship is the result of a co-creation by a variety of actors, shaped by multilogues at different levels and by the citizens' actions. In her presentation, she assesses the implications of this perspective on citizenship.
By focusing on processes and institutional change, EU citizenship emerges as a co-created institution. It is the product of institutional design and co-creation by actors at all levels of governance and is shaped by multilogues at the ‘top’, ‘bottom’ and ‘sideways’ as well as by citizens’ formal and informal actions. A co-creation perspective leads us to reconsider state-centred assumptions about which form of citizenship should be predominant and the dualism of centralism (supranationalism) versus ‘home-rule’ (intergovernmentalism) and to embrace a genuinely citizen-centred perspective. The article develops the co-creation paradigm, examines its dimensions, various forms and patterns and, by discussing the post-Rottmann and Zambrano case law (McCarthy, Dereci, Iida, O., S. and L and Ymeraga) as well as Tsakouridis and P.I., sheds light onto the complex dynamics that make EU citizenship a vehicle of transformative institutional change but can also work against it.
Dora Kostakopoulou joined Warwick Law School in September 2012 as Professor of European Union Law, European Integration and Public Policy. Formerly, she was Jean Monnet Professor in European Law and European Integration and Co-director of the Institute of Law, Economy and Global Governance at the University of Manchester (2005-2011) and Professor of European Union Law and Director of the Centre for European Law at the University of Southampton (2011-2012). Dora joined the AHRC’s Peer Review College in 2009 and is a member of the editorial board of Citizenship Studies. She has been British Academy, Thank Offering to Britain Fellow (2003-2004) and recipient of an Innovation Award by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (2004-2005). She is the author of Citizenship, Identity and Immigration in the European Union: Between Past and Future (2001, Manchester University Press) and The Future Governance of Citizenship which was published by Cambridge University Press in 2008 (Law in Context Series).
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